Understanding Periodontal Disease

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. It starts with bacterial growth in your mouth and can lead to tooth loss if not properly treated.

Stages of Periodontal Disease

  1. Gingivitis: The earliest stage, characterized by red, swollen gums that may bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is reversible with proper dental care.
  2. Periodontitis: If untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. This stage involves the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums, which can lead to bone loss and potentially, tooth loss.

Symptoms to Watch For

  • Bleeding gums during brushing or flossing
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Pus between teeth and gums
  • Changes in bite or fit of dentures

Causes and Risk Factors

The primary cause of periodontal disease is plaque—a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. Poor oral hygiene is a major risk factor, but others include smoking, diabetes, genetic predisposition, certain medications, and hormonal changes in women.

Prevention and Treatment

  • Good Oral Hygiene: Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antiseptic mouthwash can help prevent periodontal disease.
  • Regular Dental Check-ups: Routine visits to the dentist for professional cleanings and examinations are crucial.
  • Professional Treatment: For advanced stages, treatment options include scaling and root planing (deep cleaning), antibiotics, and in severe cases, surgery.

Why Choose Port City Family & Cosmetic Dentistry in Wilmington, NC?

Choosing the right dentist is vital for effective periodontal care. Port City Family & Cosmetic Dentistry in Wilmington, NC, offers:

  • Expert Diagnosis: Early detection through thorough examinations and diagnostic tools.
  • Comprehensive Treatment Plans: Personalized care tailored to your specific needs.
  • Advanced Techniques: Utilization of the latest technology and procedures to ensure optimal results.
  • Patient Education: Guidance on maintaining oral health to prevent recurrence.

By addressing periodontal disease promptly and maintaining good oral hygiene, you can protect your smile and overall health. If you’re in Wilmington, NC, seeking the expert care at Port City Family & Cosmetic Dentistry is the first step toward achieving and maintaining healthy gums and teeth.